Facts, Details and Types Of Concrete Driveways
Concrete Driveways in Sydney which are made from cement or concrete will last for an excess of 2 decades if formed by professional concrete contractors. Knowing that a concrete driveway is used quite a lot, we all want it to be thick so that it lasts for longer durations. A cemented surface is harder and more durable compared to driveways made with asphalt, concrete typically need less care and will withstand normal weather more effectively, although one main benefit of choosing to hire Professional Concrete Contractors In Sydney is that you can avoid all the trial and error which is usually involved in attempting to form concrete yourself.
If you’re truly an experienced concreter and trial and error is not a factor then sure you can can cut back on costs with regards to installation by performing a lot of the work yourself. Call it a DIY project. The only downside with not hiring a contractor to form your concrete driveway is that you leave yourself vulnerable to all the trials and errors which can be involved if you don’t exactly know what you’re doing.
First off, call up the zoning and building code officials in your neighborhood or district to ascertain the particular regulations and permits needed. Most people will be required to give a good plan and illustration of such a project.
Next, take out all grass and soil from the ground surface up to four to six inches underneath the top, depending on how thick you want your concrete driveway to be. The majority of standard concrete driveways are made with a 4 to 5 inch thickness.
Create the forms. Put down 2 boards parallel so the boards inside edges will form the sides of your concrete driveway. Get 2×4-inch or 2 x 6-inch thick good wood to use as form boards. Now chop up wood stakes starting from 1x 2-inches or the 1x 4-inch boards with your circular saw. All the stakes must be 18 inches long, slice at one end in an angled point which is approximately 6 inches.
Hammer these stakes into the soil at the ends of every form board. Drive more stakes at intervals of 4 feet on the side of the board forms to increase support. The wood stakes must be even with the top edge of the wooden boards which form your driveway.
Find the highest level of the ground. Put up the ends of the boards 2 inches beyond that level. Utilize a carpenter’s level tool to ensure that the top edges of these boards are exactly level prior to lifting the opposite ends of the wood for the needed angle. Sketch your driveway to slope towards the street and not to the garage to make any water drain away and not into your house.
Maintain the boards in place by checking your wood stakes, hammering in more stakes approximately every 3 feet from each other. Use nails to affix the stakes to your wood boards. Place a stake when 2 form boards place up against one another, use the nails to stake both boards firmly.
Be sure to check that the cross forms for all the concrete sections are at an even level. Making use of cross forms can enable you to finish one section of your concrete driveway one section at a time. These cross-joints must be put approximately 8 to 10 feet intervals.
Prepare wire mesh and place it between the board forms. Ascertain every measurement once more when every form boards is already affixed and in place. Get some stones to rise up all the reinforcing mesh half way on the soil grade and the edge of the form boards already in place.
Use a brush to coat the form boards with motor oil to inhibit the wood from being permeated with the water in the concrete mix. The oil also stops any damage to the edges of the cement when dry and you need to take off those form boards eventually.
Now call in that concrete. Give your Sydney concrete supplier all of the dimensions for your driveway, everything from the length, width and depth. The supplier will measure the amount of concrete your driveway will require.
Use shovels to level the concrete as soon as it’s been poured. Make the supplier pour only one section of concrete to make it easier to handle. Begin at the garage area so its easier to work your way out and unto the street or public path. Set it fast before the concrete starts to set and solidify. Get a trowel for you to smoothen the concrete surface allot the concrete in even portions all along your driveway.
Compress down the cement using a wooden board that has a straight edge. Simply drag the wooden board on the top of the entire wide angle of your driveway starting from one end of the concrete to the other end. Contractors call this process ‘screeding’.
Complete it by using a rough long handled brush or dust broom to make grooves on the cement and create traction even when the concrete is wet. Having a smooth concrete upper can make it dangerous. Adding grooves also aids in draining water from the driveway.
Finally, cover your wet cement with burlap to help in curing. Maintain the cement moderately wet for 1 week. Then take off the board forms as soon as the cement has had more than a week to 2 weeks to get hard and durable.
What Is A Concrete Driveway Made Of?
Any concrete utilized for creating a driveway is made up of 4 essential components, from gravel, cement, sand and lastly, water. The sand and gravel are brought together tight by the cement mixture. That works since there is a chemical reaction taking place when water is added to the cement powder, which results in the creation of little crystal formations. Such crystals will create a mesh that holds all the irregular sand and gravel pieces with each other. Hence, as more crystals are created, the stronger the bond will be, and the longer the concrete driveway will be good to use.
As cracks become apparent on your concrete driveway, it is time for concrete repair job. All gaps and cracks on the driveway are caused because of very cold temperatures, roots of trees or any motions of the sand. Rather than costing a lot of cash and paying for a new driveway, one can easily repair any cracks themselves. Here is one of the simplest concrete driveway repair techniques that one can employ.
Improving Your Textured Concrete Driveways Slip Resistance
While you have a textured concrete driveway duplicated to look like brick or stone, your concrete driveway can get quite slippery when wet or icy. Below are several ways to improve the slip resistance of your stamped concrete driveway and make it even more durable.
Applying a Clear Slip-Resistant Coat for Traction
As you put on your clear sealer on the stamped concrete driveway, you can put in some polyethylene clear grit as well. These plastic beads are translucent and disappear into clear sealer. Pour the sealer directly onto the stamped concrete, and spread it out evenly with a squeegee. To add a little more texture, sweep over the sealer with a broom before it dries. Put another layer of sealer and grit at least annually in portions which get a lot of use.
Put In Some Exposed Aggregate Edging Material
Think of it as a border line on the concrete driveway composed of exposed aggregate. This can provide a non-slip surface for people getting in and out of cars and walking to and from your home’s main door. The roughness and solid materials will stand up to years of walking and vehicles coming in and out. This aggregate could be a blend of pigments or just one color to work well with your landscaped garden or front lawn.
Adding Coloured Sand To Clear Sealant
Select a coloured sand which works well with the color and pattern of your stamped concrete driveway. Blend it into the clear sealant to enhance the driveway’s pigment and greatly improve its texture for better traction of feet and tires.
If you followed all instructions above and know what you’re doing then your new concrete driveway will look great. On the other hand if you’re not 100% confident then don’t even attempt it because it will surely cost you alot more in the end than if you had just hired some of Sydney’s Best & Most Experienced Concreters. At least with a reputable concrete contractor you know you will get the job done right the first time.